Croatia's largest island, is also one of the busiest in the summer as Germans and Austrians stream over the Krk bridge to its holiday houses, autocamps and hotels. Krk's booming tourist industry managed to weather the storm in ex-Yugoslavia, helped by its proximity to the mainland and distance from the fighting. It may not be the lushest or most beautiful island in Croatia but its decades of experience in tourism make it an easy place to visit, with good transportation connections and a well-organised tourism infrastructure. The oldest-known inhabitants of Krk were the Illyrian Liburnian tribe, followed by the Romans. Taking advantage of the island's position on an important maritime route through the Adriatic, the Romans settled near Omisalj on the northern coast. In 49 BC a naval battle between Octavian and Mark Antony was waged near the island. With the decline of the Roman Empire, Krk was incorporated into the Byzantine Empire, then passed between Venice and the Croatian-Hungarian kings. In the 11th century, Krk became the centre of the Glagolitic language - the old Slavic language put into writing by the Greek missionaries Cyril and Methodius. The oldest preserved example of the script was found in a former Benedictine abbey in Krk town. A later tablet with the script was found near Baska and is now exhibited in Zagreb. The script was used on the island up to the first decades of the 19th century.

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