Climate

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The climate varies from Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast to continental inland. The sunny coastal areas experience hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters, while the interior regions are cold in winter and warm in summer. Wind patterns cool the coast with refreshing breezes in the summer, but high mountains shield the coast from bitter winter weather. Because of a warm current flowing north up the Adriatic coast, sea temperatures never fall below 10°C in winter, and in August they go as high as 26°C. The sea also stores heat in the summer and radiates the heat onto the land in the winter, warming the surrounding air.

In spring and early summer a sea breeze called the maestral keeps the temperature down along the coast. It generally starts blowing around 9am, increases until early afternoon and dies down in late afternoon. This strong steady wind makes good sailing weather.

Winter weather is defined by two winds. The south-easterly siroko from the Sahara Desert brings warm, moist air to the mainland and can produce a heavy cloud cover. This wind also has the steady strength that sailors love. The north-easterly bura blows from the interior to the coast in powerful gusts, bringing dry air and blowing away clouds.

Sun-lovers should note that the island of Hvar gets 2715 hours of sun a year, followed by Split with 2697 hours, Vela Luka on KorCula Island with 2671 hours and Dubrovnik with 2584 hours. The lack of rainfall along the coast, especially on islands further removed from the mainland has produced severe water shortages in Dal-matia throughout its history. Summer dry periods can last up to 100 days, nearly as long as Sicily and Greece. Before pipelines to the Cetina and Neretva Rivers were laid, islanders often had to collect rainwater in cisterns.


Actual temperature



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