First appeared as a duchy in the 7th century and then as a kingdom in the 10th century. The period from the 15th to the 17th centuries was marked by bitter struggles with the Ottoman Empire. After being incorporated in Yugoslavia for most of the 20th century, Croatia regained independence in 1991.

Croatia is full of natural surprises. Along the coastline lie hundreds of tiny islets and hilly islands, some completely uninhabited, others sprinkled with ancient churches, monasteries, marble colonnades and squares. Many are lush, their turquoise bays lined with fragrant cedars and pines, while others are dry and deserted.

The Adriatic Sea is not only a deep gulf in the Mediterranean cut into the Continent of Europe thereby creating most economical trade route between Europe and the East, it is also the cradle of ancient civilizations. There is much material evidence about that which is finally beginning to come to light, from the depths of Adriatic caves and from the deep blue sea.

Croatia is also rich with cultural treats and cuisines. As well as being home to some of the area’s finest Roman ruins, it still has medieval villages that perch on top of Istrian hills, rich Byzantine architecture, vast Venetian squares and ancient cathedrals featuring art by masters like Tician and Tinoretto. Croatia has also been a winegrowing region for centuries since Greek and Roman times. There are many award winning Vineyards to visit and sample the delicious wines. Many of the Vintners dry cure their own hams so you can taste there prized prsut as well as taste the fruits of their labours from their cherished vines. Although Croatia has its share of large, fun-filled resorts, most of the country is still unspoilt, with hidden gems waiting to be shared with those who wish to spend the time finding them.

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